Learned Helplessness

Title:  Learned Helplessness  Authors: Martin E. P. Seligman, Ph.D Journal:  Annual Review of Medicine Year of Publication: 1972 Volume: 23 Pages: 407-412 Hypothesis:   It is the uncontrollable nature of inescapable shocks that produce learned helplessness and not shocks themselves. Subjects:  Dogs Methods: Dogs in the control group were placed in a shuttle box and …